Govt. License No.88721/068/069, Tourism Industry Division Lisence No. 1477 / 069.  Remember us for: Adventure Specialist and Authorized Travel Agent of Nepal for Trekking, Hiking, Peak climbing, Mountain Expedition, and various trekking packages

Information About Nepal


 Nepal is a blend of ancient history, vibrant, cultures and scenic grandeur. Located between China and India, Nepal’s main geographical feature includes snow-capped peaks, lower mountains, mid hills and fertile Terai plains of tropical jungles. Nepal is the ultimate destination for the trekking which help people for enthusiastic feelings-offering a myriad of possibilities from the short and easy to the demanding challenging of snowy peaks. Nepal has the largest share of the highest peaks in the world. Out of 14 peaks above 8000m, 8 of them are in Nepal, Including:-

Mt. Everest (8,848m)

•Kanchenjunga (8,586m)

•Lhotse (8,516m)

•Makalu (8,463m)

•Cho-Oyu (8,201m)

•Dhaulagiri (8,167m)

•Manaslu (8,163m)

•Annapurna I(8,091m)

Where, Mt. Everest is the highest peak of the world, and Kanchenjunga is the Third highest peak of the world. Nepal has more than 3500 mountains so, the Nepal is known as the ‘Land of Himalayas’. Trekking is a gentle walk for pleasure that has been a relatively new phenomenon. In short period of time you can get opportunities to familiar with different people, religion, cultural, life style, climatic and many more different things. here

Protected areas in Nepal 

Chitawan National Park:

It is situated in the subtropical low land of the inner terai called Chitawan in the confluence of Rapti and Narayani River close to the Indian border. It covers an area of 932 sq. km. The park has been declared a World Heritage Site (1984). The park covers a rich river valley and large section of the dense wooded someswar hills. The wild life is very rich in this area. The park is home of One-horned Rhinoceros (1/4 of world population), huge number of tigers, leopards, sambhar, chiral, gaur, sloth bear, barking dear, gangatic dolphin, crocodiles and pythons. The park has 58 species of mamels, 539 types of birds, 56 types of herpeto, and 124 species of fish. More than 70% of the park is covered by Sal forest and elephant grass. The rest of the forest is covered by river forest.

The park enjoys three main seasons: hot and dry summer, hot and humid rainy seasons, and warm winter. The best time to visit the park is from October to March.

Shiva Puri National Park:

This National Park is 12 km away from Kathmandu city with area of 159 sq km. It is popular for trekking, hiking and recreation activities. The park was established as water shed and wildlife reserve in 1976. The park was declared as a national park in 2002. The park boasts of 311 species of birds (residential and migrating), 102 species of butterfly, 19 species of mammals including bear, leopard, deer, wild boar, etc. The park has sub-tropical to temperate climate. The park can be visited throughout the year.

Langtang National Park:

This Park is situated in the central Himalaya 32 km north of Kathmandu. This park includes Langtang valley and Gosaikunda Plateau. It covers an area of 1710 sq km, 420sq km land area was declared as Buffer Zone in 1998. Himalayan peaks like Jugal Himal and Langtnag Himal are Located on the park. The park enclosed several Sherpa settlement and Gosainkunda group of lakes, which includes 20 lakes of different sizes at an average altitude of 14000 ft. The complex topography and geology with varied climate pattern supports a wide spectrum of vegetation, oaks, chirpine, maple, fir, blue pine, various species of Rhododendron, are some of the main species. The park has 1043 vascular plants. Wild dogs, red panda, musk deer, Himalayan black bear, ghoral inhabit due to the parks topographical variation, Helambu is the popular village in this park.


Autumn (Sept-Oct) is the best time for trekking within the park.

Sagarmatha National park:

It was establish in 1976 to safeguard the unique natural and cultural heritage of Mt. Everest. The park covers about 1148 sq km. with a buffer zone of 275 sq km and it is situated in the Khumbu region of North East Nepal. The highest mountain Mt. Everest, Lotse, Nuptse, Choyu, Amadablam, etc. lie in this park. This is geologically young and broken into deep gorges and glacial valley. The park has 160 species of vascular plants of which 21 endemic species. There are 208 species of birds.. The park is rich in fauna and it includes Himalayan Thar, Musk deer, Imbex, wild goat, Nayan, markhar, etc. Dhanpe (Lophophorus Imperall zejanus)-the national bird of Nepal is found here in large numbers. This park was included in the world heritage site in 1974.

The best times to visit the park are autumn (Oct-Nov) and spring (Mar-May).

Lake Rara National Park:

It was declared a national park in 1975. It is the smallest national park located in the extreme south of Mugu district. It covers an area of 106 sq. km. with a buffer zone of 198 sq. km. Most of the park lies at an altitude of about 3000 meters. Rara Lake is the largest landlocked lake in Nepal with an area of 10.8 sq km. The maximum length of the lake is 5 km and maximum breadth is 3 km and oval shaped. Rara Lake is habituated by snow trout fish and is surrounded by hills rich forested by blue pine, black juniper, oak, Himalayan Cypress, Horse chestnut, walnut. It is an ideal habitat for musk deer, red panda, black bear, fefugee birds, wild swine and geese.  There are 51 species of mammal, 241 species of bird, 2 species of herpeto and 3 species of fish in the park. The summer is pleasant, but the winter is very cold in the park.

The best time to visit the park is Sept-Oct and Apr-May.

Shey- Fokshundo National Park:

It is Located in the Dolpa District of Northwestern Nepal. It is the country’s largest national park covering area of 3,555 sq km. 1349 sq km was declared a buffer zone in 1998.  It is rich in Trans Himalayan ecosystem, which lies in the Dolpa and Mugu district of western Nepal. The Kanjiroba himal, Shey monastery, Phokshundo Lake, and langu gorge are the major attraction of this park. Blue pine, walnut, willow, oak, cypresses are found in lower southern parts. Pine, Juniper and brich make up the flora in the higher altitude. The alpine areas are vegetated by berries and Trans Himalayan areas are vegetated by grassy alpine meadows, and are almost dry in the north. It is a primal habitat for snow leopard, sheep, ghoral, muskdeer, wild dog, wolf, Himalayan thar, Himalayan black bear, etc. The park has 35 species of mammals, 208 species of Birds, 29 species of butterfly(including the highest flying butterfly in the world) and 3 herpetos. Less than 5% of area is covers by jungle. People of the Tibetan descent who are Buddhist Bonpo religion inhabit the park. The winter is very cold.

The best time to visit this park is in spring summer from April through September.

Khaptad National Park:

This national park is situated extending over Bejhang, Bajuira, Doti, and Accham. It covers an area of 225 sq km and the buffer zone is 215 sq km. The park has gained religious significance as the home of the Khaptad baba, the renowned hermit. The park boasts of 244 species of medicinal herbs. In the park, 270 species of birds are found. Animals in the park are barking deer, wild boar, ghoral and Himalayan black bear. The park offers religious sighting at Tribeni, Ganesh Temple, Nagdhunga and Kedar Dhunga. Another religious site is Sahara linga at the height of 3200 m the highest point in the park. An annual celebration of Ganga Dashera is held here every Jestha Purnima.

The best time to visit the park is spring (Mar-May) and autumn (Oct-Nov)

Makalu Barun National Park and Conservation Area:

The Makalu Barun National Park and sanctuary has area of 1,500 sq km. The buffer zone for the park is 830 sq km. The park and conservation has area is the most pristine ecosystem of Nepal and is richest in terms of biodiversity. It consist of 67 species of aromatic and medicinal plants, 47 varieties of orchid, 30 varieties of rhododendron, 15 species of oak, 48 species of primrose, 86 species of folder trees and 67species of bamboo. Over 4000 species of birds, 84 verities of fish are found in Arun River. Wildlife includes endangered red pandas, musk dear and Himalayan black bear.

 The best times to visit are spring (Feb-Apr) and autumn (Oct-Nov).

Bardia National Park:

It is situated in the mid-far western terai on the banks of Karnali River with an area of 968 sq km. There is a buffer zone of 328 sq km. The park is the largest undisturbed wilderness area in the terai. It is thickly Forest by Sal trees, grassland and riverrine found in the park. In total, there are 173 species of trees, 59 species of mammals, 407 types of birds, 52 kinds of herpeto, and 124 species of fish. Tiger Tops is running Tiger Tops Karnali Jungle Lodge. Tiger Tops tented camps in the only operation inside the national park. Forest hideaways, rhino lodge, Dolphin nanor, are some of the operations in Bardia national park. The national park enjoys three distinct seasons each providing a unique experience.

The best time to visit the park is from October through March


 Q:  What Is a Trek?

A Trek is not a Climbing Trip 

Whether you begin your trek at a road head or fly into a remote mountain airstrip, a large part of it will be in the Middle Hills region at elevations between 500 and 3000 meters. In this region, there are always well-developed trails through villages and across mountain passes. Even at high altitudes there are intermittent settlements used during summer by shepherds, so the trails, though often indistinct, are always there. You can easily travel on any trail without the aid of ropes or mountaineering skills. There are rare occasions when there is snow on the trail, and on some high passes it might be necessary to place a safety line for your companions or porters if there is deep snow. Still, alpine techniques are almost never used on a traditional trek. Anyone who has walked extensively in the mountains has all the skills necessary for an extended trek in Nepal.

Though some treks venture near glaciers, and even cross the foot of them, most treks does not allow the fulfillment of any Himalayan mountaineering ambitions. Nepal's mountaineering regulations allow trekkers to climb 18 specified peaks with a minimum of formality, but you must still make a few advance arrangements for such climbs. Many agents offer so-called climbing treks which include the ascent of one of these peaks as a feature of the trek. There are a few peaks that, under ideal conditions, are within the resources of individual trekkers. A climb can be arranged in Kathmandu if conditions are right, but a climb of one of the more difficult peaks should be planned well in advance.

Q:  Is Nepal safe enough for tourist to travel?

Yes. In the past, Nepal has experienced political unrest, however since November of 2006, the signed Nepal Peace Agreement, between the Government of Nepal and the Nepal Communist Party (Maoists) has brought this unrest to a close.

Q: Which is the best time to visit Nepal?

The best season to visit Nepal is after the monsoons that end in August until mid-December, before the winter sets in. Also, from mid-February to early June are the most preferred months by visitors. During these two periods, the rains wash the dusty tracks and the valley looks magnificent with blooming flowers. Mountain views are clear most of the time. It is humid in plains at this time but it is still better than the scorching heat of the summer.

It is best to visit hilly areas in summer; that is, the months of May and June. The average temperature at that time is around 22-25 degrees Celsius. Nights are a bit chilly in the lower Himalayan region but are comfortable. Mountainous areas are extremely unsafe during the monsoon season, which are very common. The persistent rains make the hilly tracts slippery.

In winter, most of the hilly areas become threats due to very heavy snowfall and avalanches, but if you are fond of snowfall then you can opt for the lower Himalayan regions that look beautiful covered in blankets of snow.

Q: Is it important to take any vaccines?

You should contact your general practitioner or travel clinic for the latest travel health advice. It is advisable to be up-to-date with Tetanus, Polio, Typhoid, and Hepatitis A vaccination shots. If you are extending your stay in Nepal you may need anti-malarial protection.

Q: Do I need travel insurance?

It is necessary to have travel insurance for all clients to take in any tour. It should provide adequate protection for the full duration of the tour to cover personal injury, medical expenses, repatriation expenses, helicopter evacuation, loss of luggage, etc. You can arrange this yourself or through Apex Himalaya in Nepal. The coverage per day is $15 dollars per person.

You must advise your insurer that you are going on a trek at relatively high altitudes and that your cover needs to include air evacuation and repatriation. A copy of your insurance document should be sent to us prior to coming to Nepal.

Q: Do you have an airport pick-service?

Yes we do. If requested prior to your arrival, we can arrange for our airport representative to greet you outside the Terminal Hall. She/he will be holding an ‘Apex Himalaya’ sign with your name on it. Upon arrival, you will be taken to your hotel.

Q:  How much shall I bring & where can I exchange my money?

You can exchange in Nepal, primarily in Kathmandu and in Pokhara. It really depends on your budget and what you want to do and for how long but approximately $500-$1700 in either travelers’ cheques or cash for your trip would be sufficient. ATM cards and credit cards can be used in Kathmandu Pokhara and other cities if additional cash needed. You will need $30 for the tourist visa fee (can receive visa upon entry) at the Kathmandu International Airport. You must pay only in cash in U.S. dollars or Euros. It is advisable to exchange your money either on your first day or the day after while you are in Kathmandu at a reliable money exchange counter.

Q:  Why Should I trek with an agency?

Trekking with an agency can be worthwhile for those who are on a very tight schedule but not on money. A trekking agency can organize a trek for you at affordable costs, which includes food, accommodations, transportation, porters and guides. To receive trekking permits and TIMS cards, clients must go through a trekking agency for issuing and ensuring a safe and legalized trek or tour.

Q: Does your company provide a TIMS card?

Apex Himalaya is a government registered company and a member of TAAN (Trekking Agencies’ Association of Nepal). We are legally authorized to provide TIMS cards to trekkers. For further information about this, please contact us at This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

Q: Should I need to be totally fit in order to trek?

If you are reasonably fit and enjoy walking you will find trekking suits you. Normally the shorter treks tend to be easier whilst the longer ones often require a better standard of fitness. It is important to remember, however, that trekking requires an adequate level of physical conditioning. To prepare yourself for a trek, especially a difficult one that lasts two weeks or more, some moderate physical exercise is recommended before you embark on your journey such as walking, running swimming, or hiking. It is also worth remembering you can choose the pace and direction of your trek.

*Any person suffering from a pre-existing medical condition or diseases must seek medical advice before considering any trek.

Q: What is the general duration of treks?

The duration of the trek depends on the region of the trek and on interests which each client has. Generally speaking, treks can range from 2-3 days to a month’s time or sometimes longer periods if trekkers’ wish. Even the same trek can be of a different duration for different trekkers depending on their wishes and interests on the route.

Q: What do we get to experience in a trek?

You will mostly be on well-maintained trekking routes that consist of dirt trails. The terrain on some of these trails may be long, steep climbs or descents as well as rocky, dusty paths and forest tracks. There are also a lot of big stone steps and staircases especially on the Annapurna circuit. In some cases, treks include mountain passes so the trail can be narrow in places. You will feel a moderate altitude effect starting at around 3,000m upwards.

Q:  Is it necessary to use a trekking guide?

There is no compulsion to use a guide while trekking in Nepal. However, no matter how experienced or fit you are at outdoor activities, it is important to have a good orientation to a new area, especially if you go trekking. We highly recommend every guest to use our trained guides so that guests can easily and safely complete their trek. We believe that having a qualified trekking guide is a minimum safety requirement and can also enhance your enjoyment and understanding of the region as they act as a companion and interpreter. Our trekking guides are well-versed in a variety of foreign languages including English and take full responsibility of everything during a trek or expedition.

Q: What else should I be bringing in a trek?

Most of what you need during a trek is available in Kathmandu, and you can buy them or rent them once you are there. Most books on trekking will list them; check one out before you embark on your trek. If you do not have a book yet and plan to get one only once you are in Nepal, there are some things you may want to bring from home. Bring ear-plugs to help you sleep in spite of barking dogs. A battery operated short-wave radio can be helpful to listen to weather reports or the news. Also bring along a pocket knife, sunscreen, bug spray, sunglasses, photographic equipment, binoculars, a compass, a good watch with possibly an altimeter, and a day pack. Others, you can buy or rent in Kathmandu for reasonable price.

Q: When I go for treks, can I store my luggage somewhere?

Generally your hotel or lodge will let you store your luggage with them for some nominal or no fee. As long as you lock up your bags, they are normally safe.

Q: What is the weather & temperature like while trekking?

The weather can be unpredictable in the mountains. However, at night it is generally cold and the days are generally warm. If it is raining at the base of the mountain, it will be snowing at the top of its peak. There will be heavy snowfall during the months of December and February. It is important that you stay warm and dry in just about any condition. Temperatures could be as high as 20 degrees C and as low as -10 degrees C.

Q: What are the accommodations like on a trek?

Along the trekking routes, teahouses and lodges generally provide basic clean facilities with a mattress and a quilt or blanket. We can also offer you sleeping bags if needed (which need to be returned after your trip) but it is a good idea to have your own sleeping equipment if possible. Accommodations have private rooms with twin beds that may be used for double or single occupancy. Teahouses have an adjoining dining room around a fire burning stove. You may take a hot shower but need to ask them to boil the water.

Q: Do you think it is safe to eat freely in Nepal?

In general, yes. But, it's always good to take sensible precautions in order to avoid any health problems. No matter how tempting --and it can get very tempting after a long trek- avoid drinking any other water than bottled water. If you have to drink non-bottled water, purify it with iodine or chlorine tablets (available readily in most drug stores in Kathmandu). Asking for bottled water in restaurants is always a best idea.

Do not eat roadside food that is exposed in the open air. Avoid buying and eating raw and unpeeled fruit and vegetables. Other than that, it is fine to have boiled, fried or properly packaged food items. Read the FAQ on Health and Insurance for details on what to do in case of health problems.

Q: What is Altitude Sickness?

Altitude Sickness is the effect of altitude on those who ascent too rapidly to elevations above 3,000 meters. The basic early symptoms of altitude sickness are headache, loss of appetite and sleeplessness. One shouldn't ignore these early symptoms as these symptoms may lead to more serious warnings and cause death sometimes within few hours. Medicine is no substitute for descent. If a doctor is available, he may give medicine and oxygen. However, the patient must go down to lower altitude even if treatment is given.

Q:  If I suffer from altitude sickness or any kind of sickness, what should I do?

First of all, your trekking guide will provide you with First Aid. If the case becomes more serious, you will be transferred to a health post where you can consult with a doctor. For acute sickness, at your request, you will be immediately taken down by helicopter or airplane to Kathmandu for treatment and rest. It is strongly recommended to descend from the mountain if you are suffering severely from altitude sickness.

Q: What is your cancellation policy and terms of conditions?

If our clients are unable to make their trip or want to cancel their trip due to any unavoidable circumstances, Apex Himalaya can only refund 65% of the deposited amount. However, clients can postpone their travel date or make slight modifications to their original travel itinerary free of cost if given proper notice. Please see our Terms of Conditions for further details.

Q: Which documents do I need to bring with me?

You should bring a valid passport (must be valid for up to 6 months after you return from your tour; keep an extra photocopy just in case), a copy of your travel insurance, cash and traveler’s checks (keep numbers and proof of purchase separately); flight tickets, emergency contact numbers of T/C’s, banks, insurance and family members and any medications.


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Thamel, Kathmandu, Nepal. P.O.Box: 12947

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Office: +977-1-4257635